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Technical Data

ABS (Acrylonitrile / Butadiene / Styrene) for Additive Manufacturing

ABS is a thermoplastic material that is ideal for production of strong semi-complex components with a plastic like finish for end product simulation.

Technical Data

Property Value
Average Resolution 130 -250 microns
Density of 3D
printed part
1.05 g/cm3

Thermal Properties

Property Value
Melting Point Approx. 200℃
Heat Deflection
Temperature
96℃

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

Property Value
Tensile Modulus 1627 MPa
Tensile Strength 22 MPa
Elongation at break 6%
Flexural Modulus 1800 – 1900 MPa
Flexural Strengtj 41 MPa
Notched Izod Impact 107

AlSi10Mg Alloy Powder for Additive Manufacturing

AlSi10Mg-0403 alloy comprises Aluminium alloyed with Silicon of mass fraction up to 10%, small quantities of Magnesium and Iron, along with other minor elements.

Generic Data – Wrought Material

Property Value
Density 2.68 g/cm2
Thermal conductivity 130 W/mK to 190 W/mK
Melting range 570℃ to 590℃
Coefficient of thermal expansion (Hot Rolled solution annealed) 20 μm/mK to 21 μm/mK

Chemical Composition of Powder

Element Mass (%)
Aluminium Balance
Silicon 9.00 – 11.00
Magnesium 0.25 to 0.45
Iron < 0.25
Nitrogen < 0.20
Oxygen < 0.20
Titanium < 0.15
Zinc < 0.10
Manganese < 0.10
Nickel < 0.05
Copper < 0.05
Lead < 0.02
Tin < 0.02

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

  As Built HIP treated
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 442 MPa ± 6 MPa 334 MPa ± 1 MPa
Vertical direction (Z) 417 MPa ± 27 MPa 339 MPa ± 6 MPa
Yield Strength
Horizontal Direction (XY) 264 MPa ± 2 MPa 211 MPa ± 2 Mpa
Vertical direction (Z) 206 MPa ± 6 MPa 174 MPa ± 4 Mpa
Elongation at Break
Horizontal Direction (XY) 9 % ± 1 % 9 % ± 2 %
Vertical direction (Z) 6 % ± 2 % 4 % ± 1 %
Modulus of Elasticity
Horizontal Direction (XY) 71 GPa ± 5 GPa 71 GPa ± 2 Gpa
Vertical direction (Z) 68 GPa ± 2 GPa 66 GPa ± 3 GPa
Hardness (Vickers)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 119 HV0.5 ± 5 HV0.5 103 HV0.5 ± 5 HV0.5
Vertical direction (Z) 123 HV0.5 ± 2 HV0.5 98 HV0.5 ± 5 HV0.5
Surface Roughness (Post heat treatment)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 5 μm to 9 μm
Vertical direction (Z) 7 μm to 9 μm

In718-0405 Alloy Powder for Additive Manufacturing

In718-0405 alloy comprises nickel mass fraction up to 55% alloyed with iron up to 21% and chromium 21% along with other minor elements. Properties include high strength, excellent corrosion resistance and a working temperature range between -250oC and 650oC (-418oF to 1200oF).

Generic data – wrought material

Property Value
Density 8.19 g/cm2
Thermal conductivity 6 W/mK to 12 W/mK
Melting range 1260℃ to 1336℃
Coefficient of thermal expansion 12 μm/mK to 16 μm/mK

Chemical composition of powder

Element Mass (%)
Nickel 50.00 to 55.00
Chromium 17.00 to 21.00
Iron Balance
Niobium and Tantalum 4.75 to 5.5
Molybdenum 2.80 to 3.30
Titanium 0.65 to 1.15
Cobalt ≤ 1.00
Aluminium 0.20 to 0.80
Manganese ≤ 0.35
Silicon ≤ 0.35
Copper ≤ 0.30
Carbon 0.02 to 0.05
Nitrogen ≤ 0.03
Oxygen ≤ 0.03
Phosphorous ≤ 0.015
Sulphur ≤ 0.015
Calcium ≤ 0.01
Magnesium ≤ 0.01
Selenium ≤ 0.005
Boron ≤ 0.005

Mechanical properties of 3D printed material

  As Built HIP treated
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 1057 MPa ± 11 MPa 1289 MPa ± 4 Mpa
Vertical direction (Z) 943 MPa ± 38 MPa 1228 MPa ± 24 Mpa
Yield Strength
Horizontal Direction (XY) 753 MPa ± 8 MPa 958 MPa ± 8 Mpa
Vertical direction (Z) 639 MPa ± 13 MPa 929 MPa ± 10 Mpa
Elongation at Break
Horizontal Direction (XY) 25 % ± 3 % 23 % ± 2 %
Vertical direction (Z) 19 % ± 8 % 17 % ± 4 %
Modulus of Elasticity
Horizontal Direction (XY) 203 GPa ± 10 GPa 219 GPa ± 6 Gpa
Vertical direction (Z) 191 GPa ± 9 GPa 214 GPa ± 7 Gpa
Hardness (Vickers)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 275 HV0.5 ± 14 HV0.5 408 HV0.5 ± 11 HV0.5
Vertical direction (Z) 295 HV0.5 ± 11 HV0.5 418 HV0.5 ± 16 HV0.5
Surface Roughness (Post heat treatment)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 1.14 μm to 1.70 μm
Vertical direction (Z) 2.36 μm to 3.0 μm

Maraging Steel for Additive Manufacturing

Material 1.2709 Maraging Steel is a martensite hardening steel that has low warping and very good toughness properties, high extension limit and tensile strength. Uniform contraction at 0.09%. Utilization: Mould and die casting, prototypes, serial parts, springs etc.

Generic Data – Wrought Material

Property Value
Density 8.1 kg/dm2
Thermal conductivity 14.2 W/mK to 28.6 W/mK
Coefficient of
thermal expansion
10.3 μm/mK at 20℃ to 100℃

Chemical Composition of Powder

Element Mass (%)
Carbon Max 0.03
Silicon Max 0.1
Manganese Max 0.1
Nickel 17 – 19
Molybdenum 4.5 – 5.2
Titanium Max 0.8
Cobalt 8.5 – 9.5
Aluminium Max 0.1
Phosphorous Max 0.01
Sulphur Max 0.01
Chromium Max 0.5

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

Property Value
Yield Strength (Rp 0.2) after heat treatment at 510℃ 2000 N/mm2
Tensile Strength 1100 – 2050 MPa
Elongation directly after generative process / after heat treatment at 510℃ 11% / 4%
Rockwell Hardness 35 – 52 HRC
Modulus of Elasticity 120 GPa
Surface roughness Min Rz 40-60μm
(without finishing)

Multijet Fusion PA 12 (Nylon) for Additive Manufacturing

Multijet Fusion PA12 (Nylon) is a robust thermoplastic that is capable of producing strong structures with very fine details while optimizing part quality as well as cost. The material is ideal for functional prototyping and final part production. IT can provide high density parts with balanced property profiles. PA12 even offers excellent chemical resistance for its finished surfaces.

Technical Data

Property Value
Average Resolution 100 – 300 microns
Density of 3D
printed part
1.24 g/cm3

Thermal Properties

Property Value
Heat Deflection
Temperature
175℃ (@ 0.45 MPa)
95℃ (@ 1.82 MPa)

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

Property Value
Tensile strength 48 MPa (XY), 48 MPa (Z)
Elongation at break 20% (XY), 15% (Z)
Tensile modulus 1700 MPa (XY) , 1800 MPa (Z)

PLA (Polylactic Acid) for Additive Manufacturing

PLA is a thermoplastic material that is ideal for production of strong semi-complex components with a plastic like finish for end product simulation.

Technical Data

Propoerty Value
Average Resolution 100 – 300 microns
Density of 3D
printed part
1.24 g/cm3

Thermal Properties

Property Value
Melting Point 120℃ – 150℃
3D Print Nozzle
Temperature
190℃ – 218℃

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

Property Value
Tensile strength 103 Mpa
Elongation at break 180%

Reinforced Nylon for Additive Manufacturing

Nylon reinforced Carbon Fiber, Kevlar, or Fiberglass is a high strength composite 3D printed material that is ideal for prototypes, functional parts, and replacement parts. The high strength to weight ratio rivals most metals and is 24 times stronger than ABS plastic.

Mechanical and Thermal Properties of 3D printed Reinforced Nylon

Also known as stainless steel type 1.4305, Grade 303 stainless steel is the most readily machineable of all the austenitic grades of stainless steel. The machineable nature of grade 303 is due to the presence of Sulphur in the steel composition. Whilst the Sulphur improves machining, it also causes a decrease in the corrosion resistance and a slight lowering of the toughness than 304. Grade 303 is typically used for parts that require heavy machining such as nuts and bolts, screws, gears, aircraft fittings, bushings and shafts.

Property Nylon reinforced CARBON FIBER Nylon reinforced KEVLAR Nylon reinforced FIBERGLASS
Tensile Strength (MPa) 700 610 590
Tensile Modulus (GPa) 50 26 20
Tensile Strain at Break (%) 1.5 5.5 5.5
Flexural Strength (MPa) 470 190 210
Flexural Modulus (GPa) 48 24 21
Flexural Strain at Break (%) 1.2 2.1 1.2
Compressive Strength (MPa) 320 97 140
Compressive Modulus (GPa) 50 26 20
Compressive Strain at Break (%) 0.7 1.5 0.7
Heat Deflection Temperature (℃) 105 105 105

Stainless Steel 316L Alloy Powder for Additive Manufacturing

SS 316L alloy is an authentic stainless steel which comprises iron alloyed with chromium of mass fraction up to 18%, nickel up to 14% and molybdenum up to 3%, along with other minor elements. The alloy is an extra-low carbon variation on the standard 316 alloy.

Generic Data – Wrought Material

Property Value
Density 7.99 g/cm2
Thermal conductivity 16.22 W/mK
Melting range 1,371℃ to 1,399℃
Coefficient of thermal expansion
(Hot Rolled solution annealed)
16 10-6 K-1

Chemical Composition of Powder

Element Mass (%)
Iron Balance
Chromium 16.00 to 18.00
Nickel 10.00 to 14.00
Molybdenum 2.00 to 3.00
Manganese < 2.00
Silicon < 1.00
Nitrogen < 0.10
Oxygen < 0.10
Phosphorous < 0.045
Carbon < 0.03
Sulphur < 0.03

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

  As Built HIP treated
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 683 MPa ± 3 MPa 614 MPa ± 1 MPa
Vertical direction (Z) 588 MPa ± 3 MPa 577 MPa ± 2 MPa
Yield Strength
Horizontal Direction (XY) 571 MPa ± 6 MPa 236 MPa ± 8 MPa
Vertical direction (Z) 492 MPa ± 12 MPa 236 MPa ± 8 MPa
Elongation at Break
Horizontal Direction (XY) 46 % ± 1 % 58 % ± 2 %
Vertical direction (Z) 54 % ± 5 % 65 % ± 9 %
Modulus of Elasticity
Horizontal Direction (XY) 179 GPa ± 16 GPa 166 GPa ± 19 GPa
Vertical direction (Z) 158 GPa ± 8 GPa 171 GPa ± 23 GPa
Hardness (Vickers)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 224 HV0.5 ± 6 HV0.5
Vertical direction (Z) 244 HV0.5 ± 6 HV0.5
Surface Roughness (Post heat treatment)
Horizontal Direction (XY) 5 μm to 7 μm
Vertical direction (Z) 5 μm to 6 μm

Stainless Steel 303 for Additive Manufacturing

Generic Data – Wrought Material

Property Value
Density 8.03 g/cm2
Thermal conductivity 16.3 W/mK
Melting range 1,455℃
Modus of elasticity 193 GPa
Coefficient of thermal expansion 17.3 x 10-6 K-1

Chemical Composition of Powder

Element Mass (%)
Carbon 0.15max
Manganese 2
Silicon 1
Phosphorus 0.2
Sulphur 0.15min
Chromium 17-19
Nickel 8-Oct

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

Tensile Strength 500 MPa
Proof Stress 0.2% 190 MPa
Elongation A5 35%
Hardness Rockwell (HB) 262max

Stainless Steel 304 for Additive Manufacturing

Grade 304 is the standard “18/8” austenitic stainless; it is the most versatile and most widely used stainless steel, available in the widest range of products, forms and finishes. It has excellent forming and welding characteristics. Grade 304L, the low carbon version of 304, does not require post-weld annealing and so is extensively used in heavy gauge components (about 5mm and over). Grade 304H with its higher carbon content finds application at elevated temperatures. The austenitic structure also gives these grades excellent toughness, even down to cryogenic temperatures. Grade 304 can be severely deep drawn without intermediate annealing, which has made this grade dominant in the manufacture of drawn stainless parts such as sinks, hollow-ware and saucepans. For severe applications it is common to use special “304DDQ” (Deep Drawing Quality) variants.

Generic Data – Wrought Material

Property Value
Density 8.03 g/cm2
Thermal conductivity 16.3 W/mK
Melting range 1,455℃
Modus of elasticity 193 GPa
Coefficient of
thermal expansion
17.3 x 10-6 K-1

Chemical Composition of Powder

Element Mass (%)
Carbon 0.07
Manganese 2
Silicon 0.75
Phosphorus 0.045
Sulphur 0.03
Chromium 17.5-19.5
Nickel 8-10.5
Nitrogen 0.1

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

Tensile Strength 485-515 MPa
Proof Stress 0.2% 170-205 Mpa
Elongation A5 40 % min
Hardness Rockwell B (HR B) 92 max
Hardness Brinell (HB) 201 max

Ti6A14V Alloy Powder for Additive Manufacturing

Ti6A14V alloy comprises Titanium alloyed with Aluminium of mass fraction up to 6.75%, small quantities of Vanadium and Iron, along with other minor elements.

Generic Data – Wrought Material

Property Value
Density 4.42 g/cm2
Thermal conductivity 6 W/mK to 8 W/mK
Melting range 1,635℃ to 1,665℃

Chemical composition of powder

Element Mass (%)
Aluminium 6
Vanadium 4
Carbon 0.03
Iron 0.1
Oxygen 0.015
Nitrogen 0.01
Hydrogen 0.003
Titanium Balance

Mechanical properties of 3D printed material

Property Value
Yield Strength (Rp 0.2) 950 MPa
Ultimate Tensile Strength (Rm) 1020 MPa
Elongation 14%
Reduction of Area 40%
Fatigue Strength @ 600 Mpa 10,000,000 cycles
Rockwell Hardness 33 HRC
Modulus of Elasticity 120 GPa

ZP151 Composite Powder (Sandstone) for Additive Manufacturing

ZP151 is a composite material ideal for full coloured products that require rigidity and colour clarity.

Material Composition

Material % by weight
Plaster < 70
Vinyl Polymer < 20
Carbohydrate < 10

Technical Data

Property Value
Softening
Temperature
60 – 70℃
Melting Point 1450℃
Density 2.6 – 2.7 g/cm3

Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed Material

Property Value
(with Z bond)
Value
(with Z-Max 90)
Flexural modulus 7163 MPa 10680 Mpa
Tensile strength 14.2 MPa 26.4 Mpa
Elongation at break 0.23% 0.21%
Modulus of Elasticity 9450 MPa 12560 Mpa
Flextural Strength 31.1 MPa 44.1 MPa